How to Point Domain and Deploy NextJS Project using Github on Nginx Remote Server or VPS

  • Get Access to Remote Server via SSH
Example:- ssh -p 1034 [email protected]
  • Verify that all required softwares are installed
nginx -v
node -v
npm -v
git --version
pm2 --version
  • Install Software (If required)
sudo apt install nginx
sudo apt install git
curl -fsSL | sudo -E bash - &&\
sudo apt-get install -y nodejs
  • Install PM2 (If required)
sudo npm install -g pm2@latest
  • Add PM2 Process on Startup
sudo pm2 startup
  • Verify Nginx is Active and Running
sudo service nginx status
  • Verify Web Server Ports are Open and Allowed through Firewall
sudo ufw status verbose
  • Exit from Remote Server
  • Login to Your Domain Provider Website
  • Navigate to Manage DNS
  • Add Following Records:
A@Your Remote Server IP
AwwwYour Remote Server IP
AAAA@Your Remote Server IPv6
AAAAwwwYour Remote Server IPv6
  • Copy Project from Local Machine to Remote Server or VPS. There are two ways to do it:-
    1. Using Command Prompt

      • On Local Windows Machine Make Your Project Folder a Zip File using any of the software e.g. winzip
      • Open Command Prompt
      • Copy Zip File from Local Windows Machine to Linux Remote Server
      Syntax:- scp -P Remote_Server_Port Source_File_Path Destination_Path
      Example:- scp -P 1034 [email protected]:
      • Copied Successfully
      • Get Access to Remote Server via SSH
      Syntax:- ssh -p PORT USERNAME@HOSTIP
      Example:- ssh -p 1034 [email protected]
      • Unzip the Copied Project Zip File
      Syntax:- unzip zip_file_name
      Example:- unzip
    2. Using Github

      • Open Project on VS Code then add .gitignore file (If needed)
      • Push your Poject to Your Github Account as Private Repo
      • Make Connection between Remote Server and Github Repo via SSH Key
      • Generate SSH Keys
      Syntax:- ssh-keygen -t ed25519 -C "[email protected]"
      • If Permission Denied then Own .ssh then try again to Generate SSH Keys
      Syntax:- sudo chown -R user_name .ssh
      Example:- sudo chown -R raj .ssh
      • Open Public SSH Keys then copy the key
      cat ~/.ssh/
      • Go to Your Github Repo
      • Click on Settings Tab
      • Click on Deploy Keys option from sidebar
      • Click on Add Deploy Key Button and Paste Remote Server's Copied SSH Public Key then Click on Add Key
      • Clone Project from your github Repo using SSH Path It requires to setup SSH Key on Github
      Syntax:- git clone ssh_repo_path
      Example:- git clone [email protected]:geekyshow1/miniblog.git
  • Create Virtual Host File
Syntax:- sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/your_domain
Example:- sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/
  • Write following Code in Virtual Host File
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;
    server_name your_domain www.your_domain;
    location / {
       proxy_pass http://localhost:3001;
       proxy_http_version 1.1;
       proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
       proxy_set_header Connection 'upgrade';
       proxy_set_header Host $host;
       proxy_cache_bypass $http_upgrade;
  • Enable Virtual Host or Create Symbolic Link of Virtual Host File
Syntax:- sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/virtual_host_file /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/virtual_host_file
Example:- sudo ln -s /etc/nginx/sites-available/ /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/
  • Check Configuration is Correct or Not
sudo nginx -t
  • Install Dependencies
cd ~/project_folder_name
npm install
  • Create Production Build
npm run build
  • Create pm2 config File inside project folder
nano ecosystem.config.js
  • Write below code in ecosystem.config.js file
module.exports = {
  apps : [
        name: "myapp",
        script: "npm start",
        port: 3001
  • Restart Nginx
sudo service nginx restart
  • Start NextJS Application using pm2
pm2 start ecosystem.config.js
  • Save PM2 Process
pm2 save
  • Check PM2 Status
pm2 status
  • Now you can make some changes in your project local development VS Code and Pull it on Remote Server (Only if you have used Github)
  • Pull the changes from github repo
git pull
  • Create Production Build
npm run build
  • Reload using PM2
pm2 reload app_name/id

How to Automate NextJS Project Deployment using Github Action

  • On Your Local Machine, Open Your Project using VS Code or any Editor
  • Create A Folder named .scripts inside your root project folder e.g. miniblog/.scripts
  • Inside .scripts folder Create A file with .sh extension e.g. miniblog/.scripts/
  • Write below script inside the created .sh file
set -e

echo "Deployment started..."

# Pull the latest version of the app
git pull origin master
echo "New changes copied to server !"

echo "Installing Dependencies..."
npm install --yes

echo "Creating Production Build..."
npm run build

echo "PM2 Reload"
pm2 reload app_name/id

echo "Deployment Finished!"
  • Go inside .scripts Folder then Set File Permission for .sh File
git update-index --add --chmod=+x
  • Create Directory Path named .github/workflows inside your root project folder e.g. miniblog/.github/workflows
  • Inside workflows folder Create A file with .yml extension e.g. miniblog/.github/workflows/deploy.yml
  • Write below script inside the created .yml file
name: Deploy

# Trigger the workflow on push and
# pull request events on the master branch
    branches: ["master"]
    branches: ["master"]

# Authenticate to the the server via ssh
# and run our deployment script
    runs-on: ubuntu-latest
      - uses: actions/checkout@v3
      - name: Deploy to Server
        uses: appleboy/ssh-action@master
          host: ${{ secrets.HOST }}
          username: ${{ secrets.USERNAME }}
          port: ${{ secrets.PORT }}
          key: ${{ secrets.SSHKEY }}
          script: "cd ~/project_folder_name && ./.scripts/"
  • Go to Your Github Repo Click on Settings
  • Click on Secrets and Variables from the Sidebar then choose Actions
  • On Secret Tab, Click on New Repository Secret
  • Add Four Secrets HOST, PORT, USERNAME and SSHKEY as below
Name: HOST
Secret: Your_Server_IP
Name: PORT
Secret: Your_Server_PORT
Secret: Your_Server_User_Name
  • You can get Server User Name by loging into your server via ssh then run below command
  • Generate SSH Key for Github Action by Login into Remote Server then run below Command
Syntax:- ssh-keygen -f key_path -t ed25519 -C "[email protected]"
Example:- ssh-keygen -f /home/raj/.ssh/gitaction_ed25519 -t ed25519 -C "gitactionautodep"
  • Open Newly Created Public SSH Keys then copy the key
cat ~/.ssh/
  • Open authorized_keys File which is inside .ssh/authroized_keys then paste the copied key in a new line
cd .ssh
nano authorized_keys
  • Open Newly Created Private SSH Keys then copy the key, we will use this key to add New Repository Secret On Github Repo
cat ~/.ssh/gitaction_ed25519
Secret: Private_SSH_KEY_Generated_On_Server
  • Commit and Push the change to Your Github Repo
  • Get Access to Remote Server via SSH
Example:- ssh -p 22 [email protected]
  • Pull the changes from github just once this time.
cd ~/project_folder_name
git pull
  • Your Deployment should become automate.
  • On Local Machine make some changes in Your Project then Commit and Push to Github Repo It will automatically deployed on Live Server
  • You can track your action from Github Actions Tab
  • If you get any File Permission error in the action then you have to change file permission accordingly.
  • All Done

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